The alto saxophone is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in 1841. It is smaller than the tenor but larger than the soprano, and is the type most used in classical compositions. The alto and tenor are the most common types of saxophone.
The alto saxophone is an E♭ transposing instrument and reads the treble clef. A written C-natural sounds as the concert E♭ a major sixth lower.
Some companies that currently produce saxophones are Buffet Crampon, KHS/Jupiter, Selmer, Yamaha, Leblanc/Vito, Keilwerth, and Yanagisawa.
The alto saxophone is included in classical music more often than the tenor, and many concertos for alto exist. The alto is used commonly in concert, jazz, funk, blues, pop, marching bands, and rock music.
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