Jazz fusion or jazz rock, is a musical fusion genre that developed in the late 1960s from a mixture of elements of jazz such as its focus on improvisation with the rhythms and grooves of rock and blues and the beats and heavily amplified electric instruments and electronic effects of rock. While the term jazz rock is often used as a synonym for jazz fusion, it also refers to the music performed by late 1960s and 1970s-era rock bands when they added jazz elements to their music such as free-form improvisation.
During the late 1960s, at the same time that jazz musicians were experimenting with rock rhythms and electric instruments, rock groups such as Cream and the Grateful Dead were beginning to incorporate elements of jazz into their music. Other groups such as Blood, Sweat and Tears directly borrowed harmonic, melodic, rhythmic and instrumentational elements from the jazz tradition.
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