|Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young|
Years: 1969 - 1970; 1987 - 1988; 1999; 2006; 2013
Styles: Classic Rock, Folk Rock
David Crosby - Acoustic guitar , Guitar, Rhythm guitar, Vocals (in band: 1969 - 1970; 1987 - 1988; 1999; 2006; 2013)
Stephen Stills - Bass Guitar, Guitar, Hammond organ, Keyboards, Maracas, Percussion, Synthesizer, Vocals (in band: 1969 - 1970; 1987 - 1988; 1999; 2006; 2013)
Graham Nash - Acoustic guitar , Guitar, Harmonica, Piano, Rhythm guitar, Vocals (in band: 1969 - 1970; 1987 - 1988; 1999; 2006; 2013)
Neil Young - Celesta, Guitar, Harmonica, Keyboards, Percussion, Piano, Tiple, Vocals (in band: 1969 - 1970; 1987 - 1988; 1999; 2006; 2013)
Retaining Dallas Taylor, the Crosby, Stills & Nash tried initially to hire a keyboard player. Stills at one point approached Steve Winwood, who was already occupied with the newly formed group Blind Faith. Ahmet Ertegün, the head of the Atlantic label, suggested the former Buffalo Springfield member Neil Young, also managed by Elliot Roberts, as a fairly obvious choice. Stills and Nash initially held reservations, Stills because of his history with Young in Buffalo Springfield, and Nash because of his personal unfamiliarity with Young. But after several meetings, the trio expanded to a quartet with Young a full partner. The terms of the contract allowed Young full freedom to maintain a parallel career with his new back-up band, Crazy Horse.
With Young on board, the restructured group went on tour in the late summer of 1969 through the following January. Their first gig was on August 16, 1969, at the Auditorium Theater in Chicago, with Joni Mitchell as their opening act. They mentioned they were going to someplace called Woodstock the next day, but that they had no idea where that was.
Their second show was a baptism by fire at the Woodstock Festival. CSN&Y appeared at other prominent festivals that year. Two performances from the Big Sur Folk Festival, September 13–14, 1969, appear in the movie "Celebration at Big Sur". They also appeared at the violence-plagued Altamont Free Concert. At the band's request, their performance was not included in the subsequent film "Gimme Shelter" (1970).
Great anticipation had built for the expanded supergroup and their first album with Young, "Déjà Vu", arrived in stores in March 1970, topping the charts and generating three hit singles. "Déjà Vu" was also the first release on the Atlantic Records SD-7200 "superstar" line, created by the label for its highest-profile artists; subsequent solo albums by Crosby, Stills, and Nash would be the next releases in this series.
Neil Young made a promise to David Crosby to reunite with Crosby, Stills & Nash if Crosby could solve his problems with drugs and clean up. Prison time for Crosby in 1986 accomplished exactly that, and good to his word the quartet assembled to record the second CSNY studio album "American Dream" at Young's ranch in Woodside, California.
The title song, written by Neil Young, was a satire of sensational political scandals involving Oliver North, former presidential candidate Gary Hart, and televangelist Jimmy Swaggart.
"Looking Forward" is the third studio album by the quartet. It was released on Reprise Records in 1999, and peaked at #26 on the Billboard 200. It is their final studio album to date.
Originally the recording sessions that resulted in this album began as a Crosby, Stills & Nash project. Owing to the low sales of their previous two efforts in the decade, their long-standing company Atlantic Records had dropped them and no major label showed any interest in the prospect of a new CSN album. They paid for the sessions out of pocket, and an intrigued Neil Young became involved there by making the new project a CSNY album. The presence of Young attracted his own record label, Reprise, which duly issued "Looking Forward".
CSN was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997; CSNY is the first band to have all its members inducted into the Hall twice. Crosby has also been inducted as a member of the Byrds (1991), and Stills as a member of Buffalo Springfield (1997). In 2010, Nash was inducted as a member of the Hollies. Young has been inducted for his solo work (1995) and for Buffalo Springfield (1997), but has not been inducted with CSN.
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